Torticollis is fairly common in babies and children. Torticollis may be present at birth (congenital). Or it may develop later in infancy or childhood (acquired).
The shortening of one of your baby’s sternocleidomastoid muscles (SCMs) causes congenital torticollis, while acquired torticollis frequently occurs because of swelling in your child’s throat – causing the tissues surrounding your child’s upper spine to loosen.
Other causes of acquired torticollis may include:
- Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)
- Vision problems
- Scar tissue
- Arthritis of the neck (cervical spondylosis)
- Sandifer syndrome, a rare condition that combines GERD with neck spasms.